Exploring the Mountains and Terrain of Nepal

Home to the world’s highest mountain, Nepal is a heaven for trekkers. The sheer variety of culture, terrain and trekking trails mean that whether you’re trekking in Nepal for the first time or you’ve been before, the experience is always unique. To trek amongst the highest mountains on earth in the company of some of the warmest and friendliest people makes a walking holiday here quite unforgettable. We have provided an excellent choice of locations within the renowned Himalaya range.

The trek locations are separated into ten regions:
Everest, Annapurna, Langtang, Manaslu, Mustang, Dolpa, Kanchenjunga, Dhaulagiri, Makalu and Karnali.

Kanchenjunga Region

Kanchenjunga region lies in eastern Nepal. Mount Kanchenjunga stands at 8586 m and is the world’s third highest mountain in the world. The name Kanchenjunga in Tibetan means the ‘Five Treasures of the Great Snow’ and refers to five summits that make up the Kanchenjunga massif. It encompasses 16 other peaks over 7,000m spreading from north east Nepal into Sikkim in India. In 1997, the region surrounding this mountain range was turned into Conservation area which extends into protected areas in Sikkim and Tibet forming a beautiful, unspoilt wilderness.

This region has been settlements of Limbus and Sherpas with their unique and beautiful culture for many centuries. It is home to many significant plants such as rhododendrons and orchids, and to many mammals, some highly endagred. Abundant rainfall during monsoon season has made this region rich in biodiversity with thousands of flowering plants and more yet to be discovered. The mountain holds an important place in the mythology and religious ritual of the local people and its slopes were no doubt familiar to herdsmen and traders for centuries before a rough survey of it was made.

Everest Region

Everest region (also known as Khumbu region) is the home of the tallest mountain in the world, Mount Everest standing at 8848 meters above sea level and is considered as one of the most popular trekking destinations in the world. The complete trek starts in Jiri to Lukla however flying to Lukla can shorten the trek. The Everest Trek is one of the most thrilling adventure treks for excitement-seekers. There are several trekking routes within the Khumbu region like Kalapattar, Gokyo Lake, Everest Base Camp and Tengboche trek.

These treks explore Himalayan villages and glacial valleys guarded by some of the highest and most beautiful mountains in the world. Trips to the serene villages of Thame, Khumjung, Tengboche, and Dingboche allow trekkers to visit Sherpa communities and ancient monasteries that have become the last preserve of Tibetan Buddhism. Namche Bazaar (the gateway to the Khumbu) was and still is an important trading post for goods being ferried across the border to Tibet by yak caravans along ancient trade routes. Here we offer various trips to the Khumbu region, each one a classic in its own right, for you to select.

Highlights

  • Experience the tallest mountain in the world
  • Experience the highest national park in the world
  • Surround yourself by the most iconic mountains in the world
  • Experience unique Sherpa culture, villages, and climbing culture
  • Stay in Namche Bazaar, the closest you’ll get to a Himalayan city
  • Watch as expeditions gear up to climb Everest

Annapurna Region

The Annapurna region is the most popular trekking destination in Nepal, attracting the highest number of trekkers from all over the world. The region provides the finest scenery consisting of Annapurna I, II, III, IV, Annapurna South peaks, Mt. Dhaulagiri, and others and lies towards the north of Central Nepal.

The popular trekking routes of this region are Jomsom, Annapurna Circuit, Annapurna Base Camp, Ghandruk, Ghorepani  Poon hill, and Tilicho lake trek. The region is protected by the by the Annapurna Conservation Area Project where eco-tourism first took root and spread to other trekking regions.

Langtang Region

Langtang region is one the most beautiful trekking destinations with less visitors than Annapurna and Khumbu regions. Langtang is a paradise for trekkers who have love for nature and the flora and fauna. Ganesh Himal mountain on the west is clearly visible from this region. The northern parts of the area largely fall within the boundaries of Langtang National Park which includes the catchment areas of two major river systems, Trishuli and Sun Koshi giving shelter to migratory birds flying across the Himalaya during spring and fall. The variations in altitude also mean that this area is home to many cultures from lowland, middle hill and Highland tribes each with their own distinctive culture and religion.

The Langtang valley is also called “the valley of glaciers”. The pine forests, swift mountain streams, snow-capped peaks, grassy downs and meadows strewn with daisies dominate the landscape of Langtang.

Manaslu Region

Manaslu is located in west-central Nepal offering a diverse range of pristine eco-systems. The main journey here is around the Manaslu range of mountains, reaching north of the Himalayas and circling the great Manaslu-Himalchuli-Baudha massif.

Almost three weeks of trekking in this region will offer you an exciting, adventurous and once in a lifetime experience.

Mustang Region

Located north of Annapurna and at an average altitude of 4,000m, Mustang is geologically and culturally part of the Tibetan plateau. This old Buddhist kingdom, also called Lo, used to be part of the Tibetan empire. It became independent in 1380 and the Kingdom prospered due to its strategic location controlling the trade between Tibet, Nepal and India. The walled city of Lo Mangthang became the capital where the last king resided until 2016 in his 4 story high palace. Mustang was annexed by Nepal in 1946 and in the early 1960s; it was the hotbed for the Khampa guerrillas fighting the Chinese forces in Tibet. The USA supported these fighters and secretly trained some of them.

The valleys here are arid and dry with striking coloured cliffs of red, yellow, brown and blue earth pigments, glowing in the backdrop of the distant Annapurnas and Dhaulagiri mountains. There are still remains of cave dwellings high up in these cliffs. Tibetan Buddhism is still being practiced in its purest form. Dotted in cloisters of green oasis are the villages with impressive white washed houses, Monasteries, Chortens and Mani walls built in traditional Tibetan style many centuries ago.

Mustang was closed to visitors until 1992 and it is still a Restricted Area requiring special permits. The treks in this area start at Jomsom which is only a short flight from Pokhara. About 700 trekkers visit Upper Mustang each year and as a result, it is one of the few places left where one can see undisturbed Tibetan culture.

Dolpa Region

Dolpa Trekking lies in Mid Western Nepal in Dolpa district, the largest district of Nepal and was opened to trekkers in 1989. It is still a restricted area and requires a special permit. It is one of the least visited parts of Nepal.

Shey Poksundo National Park lies in this district and provides a diversity of spectacular landscapes and ranks among the most scenic mountain parks in the world. It contains the Nepal’s deepest and second largest Phoksundo Lake, famous for its magnificent beauty. There are many beautiful glaciers around the lake and near the lake’s outlet is the country’s highest waterfall. The lower green hills in the south are populated mostly by Hindus but past the ring of high mountains and passes, you enter into the Inner Dolpo and people are all Buddhists. These Himalayan people have been living in these harsh conditions through farming, keeping livestock and trading with Tibet using Yak caravan for centuries.

Dhaulagiri Region

Mount Dhaulagiri at 8167 m is the seventh highest mountain in the world. Many considered it to be the tallest mountain in the world before the discovery of Kanchenjunga and later Everest. It rises nearly 7000 m from the Kali Gandak+i river, making the treks here quite arduous.

Dhaulagiri region lies north west of Pokhara with the Kali Gandaki river separating it from Annapurna massif. The true Himalayan seeker will be well suited for this region as it attracts a fewer trekkers than Annapurnas. All the treks start at Beni, a short drive from Pokhara and ascend through lovely unspoiled valleys, picturesque villages and alpine forest. It is more sparsely populated as you get to higher altitude with fewer encounters with locals or even trekkers. The mountain scenery though is equally beautiful.

Makalu Region

Mount Makalu stands at 8481 m and is the fifth highest mountain in the world. It sits isolated amongst 16 other peaks and is located 22 Km to the east of Mount Everest and 80 Km west of Mount Kanchenjunga.

In 1992, this region was declared Makalu Barun National Park to protect the floras and faunas in the region. This region is very well suited for true adventurers.

Karnali Region

Karnali region lies in east Nepal. Due to its remoteness, a very few trekkers visit this region.

Rara National park lies in this region, protecting the Rara lake, floras and faunas around the lake. Rara lake is Nepal’s largest lake by volume of water. It is not only largest but also one the most beautiful lakes in Nepal if not the world.